Careers in the Licensed Professions

Professional Geologist

Professional Geologist Print Profile PDF

Professional geologists gather and interpret data about the Earth’s physical structure, its history, and the processes that act upon it. Examples of services:

  • create geological maps
  • advise governments, industries, and the public on the natural processes that act upon the earth's materials
  • predict and evaluate the occurrence of natural resources
  • study and identify geological elements, including their hazards and usefulness to people


Bachelor’s degree in a Department-registered geological sciences licensure program, or the equivalent


Bachelor’s degree in a related science or engineering and a master’s or doctoral degree in geological sciences


4 or 5 years of professional experience, based on education


ASBOG Fundamentals of Geology OR Principals of Geology Exam

Visit the Office of the Professions for a listing of all license options and requirements.





Salary and Projected Growth

  • Median salary: $91,130 in the U.S., $72,280 in NY
  • Salary range: $53,770 - $89,650
  • Projected growth: faster than average

Where Could I Work?

  • Consulting
  • Government and education
  • Oil and gas exploration, mining
  • Engineering and construction

Your Interests and Abilities

  • Physics and chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Technical writing
  • Ability to complete fieldwork

Professional Skills

  • Independence
  • Attention to detail
  • Analytical thinking
  • Communication

What Interests You?

Match your interests and personality to career options! Explore a free career tool at

Tip: try searching for mentoring programs—talk to a professional geologist about what they do and how they got started!

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Last Updated: January 13, 2020